Table 1

Demographic characteristics of the participants (N=1261)

Symptomatic during the programme (n=385)Non-symptomatic during the programme (n=876)P value
Mean age at entry (SD)36.8 (11.7)39.0 (12.5)0.003**
Gender, n (%)
 Male356 (30.5)813 (69.5)0.83
 Female29 (31.5)63 (68.5)
Employment status, n (%)
 Unemployed/retired130 (34.3)249 (65.7)0.057
 Employed255 (28.9)627 (71.1)
Education, n (%)
 High school and below164 (32.4)342 (67.6)0.24
 Post-high school221 (29.3)534 (70.7)
Disclosure to family, n (%)
 Yes158 (31.8)339 (68.2)0.43
 No227 (29.7)537 (70.3)
Mode of transmission, n (%)
 Heterosexual sex117 (27.9)303 (72.1)0.079
 Non-heterosexual sex and others254 (32.8)521 (67.2)
Psychiatric history, n (%)
 Yes63 (60)42 (40)<0.001***
 No322 (27.9)834 (72.1)
Presence of comorbid conditions, n (%)
 Yes90 (25.2)267 (74.8)0.01*
 No295 (32.6)609 (67.4)
First CD4 (cells/μL), n (%)
 ≥200259 (30.9)580 (69.1)0.73
 <200126 (29.9)295 (70.1)
History of smoking, n (%)
 Yes172 (33.7)339 (66.3)0.046*
 No213 (28.4)537 (67.6)
History of alcohol use, n (%)
 Yes88 (25.6)256 (74.4)0.019*
 No297 (32.4)620 (67.6)
History of substance use, n (%)
 Yes57 (38)93 (62)0.034*
 No328 (29.5)783 (70.5)
Adherence to medication, n (%)
 Not adherent58 (38.9)91 (61.1)0.001**
 Adherent182 (25.1)543 (74.9)
HADS positive, n (%)
 At entry screening318 (25.2)
 At exit screening150 (11.9)
 At both screenings83 (6.6)
Received intervention, n (%)
 Yes244 (63.4)
 No141 (36.6)
  • Created by the authors.

  • Hosmer and Lemeshow, χ2=5.44, df=8, p=0.71.

  • *P<0.05, **P<0.01, ***P<0.001.

  • HADS, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.