Table 2

Pathogens tested for by online self-test and self-sample providers, and the samples requested for each pathogen, compared against national BASHH standards for the management of STIs7 16

TypeProvider IDChlamydiaGonorrhoeaOral/Rectal chlamydia or gonorrhoeaSyphilisHIVHepatitis BHepatitis CHerpes (1 and/or 2)TrichomoniasisMycoplasma genitaliumMycoplasma hominisUreaplasmasGardnerella (as indicator of bacterial vaginosis)Haemophilus ducreyiHuman papillomavirusYeasts
BASHH recommendationV (female), U (male), C if clinician collectedV (female), U (male)SB or lesion swabBBBLesion swab or BV, US, UU (male and female), V/C (female)— symptomatic onlyNot advised for routine testingNot advised for routine testingNot recommended as an indicator of bacterial vaginosisLesion swab— symptomatic onlyLesion swab—symptomatic only (screening uses C which are clinician collected)V— symptomatic only
Self-test1B
2U/C/USC/USBV
3U/C/USC/USBBBB
4C
5SSBV
6U/C/US?BB/OBB
7V
8?SBB
9V
10C
11B
12B
13???
Self-sample14U/VU/VSBBBBU/V/SU/VU/V (Sp?)U/VU/VV
15U/VU/VSBBBBU/V/SU/VU/V (Sp?)U/VU/VV
16U/VU/VSBBU/V
17†U/VU/VSBB
18U/VU/VSBBBB
19†U/VU/VSBBBB
20U*U*SBB?BB/S/UUU (Sp?)UUV
21U/VU/VSBB??????V
22UU??BBBU???V
23U/VU/VSB/SBBBB/S/UU/VU/VU/VU/VVV
24UUSBBBBB/UUU (Sp?)UU
25†U/VU/VSBB
26†U/VU/VSBB
27U/VU/VBBBBU/VU/VU/V (Sp?)U/VU/V
28UUBBBBB????V
29UU
30U/VU/VSBBBBU/VU/VU/VU/VU/V
31†U/VU/VSBBBB
  • A full list of guidelines compared against is available in online supplemental table 3.

  • This reflects where a provider explicitly states what sample is used. This is often not included on package tests, so may not reflect all tests offered.

  • *Most tests requested urine, but a vaginal swab was available separately.

  • †Indicates a free service that is commissioned by the National Health Service.

  • ?, specimen unclear; B, blood; O, oral transudate; S, swab; Sp?, species unclear; U, urine; US, urethral swab; V, vaginal swab.