Table 2

Factors associated with GCO use among 2SGBTQ+ men who have previously tested for STI that were entered into our multivariate model

VariablesHave used GCO n/N %Have not used GCO n/N %Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Region of GCO availability
Vancouver86/336 (25.6)250/336 (74.4)ReferenceReference
Expansion regions (Island and Interior)33/95 (34.7)62/95 (65.3)1.55 (0.94–2.51)1.68 (0.87–3.21)
Experienced barriers to STI testing in past year
Yes64/225 (28.4)161/225 (71.6)1.11 (0.71–1.73)1.00 (0.56–1.79)
No delays or skipped STI testing in the pastYear47/178 (26.4)131/178 (73.6)ReferenceReference
Missing8/28 (28.6)20/28 (71.4)1.11 (0.44–2.62)1.26 (0.40–3.69)
Sexual identity
Gay only68/250 (27.2)182/250 (72.8)ReferenceReference
Bisexual30/75 (40.0)45/75 (60.0)1.78 (1.03–3.05)1.21 (0.59–2.44)
Queer (except queer-bi) or other21/106 (19.8)85/106 (80.2)0.66 (0.37–1.13)0.60 (0.29–1.17)
Race/ethnicity
White97/303 (32.0)206/303 (68.0)ReferenceReference
Non-white racialized identities22/124 (17.7)102/124 (82.3)0.46 (0.27–0.76)0.41 (0.21–0.74)
Missing0/4 (0.0)4/4 (100.0)N/AN/A
Income, annual ($C)
<$20 00010/59 (16.9)49/59 (83.1)0.40 (0.17–0.86)0.45 (0.14–1.37)
$20,000-$49 99932/129 (24.8)97/129 (75.2)0.65 (0.37–1.15)0.74 (0.35–1.53)
$50,000-$79 99934/111 (30.6)77/111 (69.4)0.87 (0.49–1.54)0.78 (0.39–1.55)
≥$80 00035/104 (33.7)69/104 (66.3)ReferenceReference
Missing8/28 (28.6%)20/28 (71.4)0.79 (0.30–1.92)1.33 (0.37–4.42)
Employed full-time (30+ hours/week)
Yes82/258 (31.8)176/258 (68.2)1.75 (1.12–2.77)1.53 (0.79–3.04)
No36/171 (21.1)135/171 (78.9)ReferenceReference
Missing1/2 (50.0)1/2 (50.0)N/AN/A
Number of people you can count on for support
0–3 people21/114 (18.4)93/114 (81.6)ReferenceReference
4–6 people42/115 (36.5)73/115 (63.5)2.55 (1.40–4.74)1.90 (0.91–4.08)
7+people35/132 (26.5)97/132 (73.5)1.60 (0.87–2.98)1.72 (0.83–3.67)
Missing21/70 (30.0)49/70 (70.0)1.90 (0.94–3.83)0.48 (0.06–3.11)
Out to healthcare provider
Yes48/222 (21.6)174/222 (78.4)0.44 (0.22–0.92)0.79 (0.30–2.17)
No16/42 (38.1)26/42 (61.9)ReferenceReference
Does not have regular family doctor or nurse practitioner29/90 (32.2)61/90 (67.8)0.77 (0.36–1.68)1.15 (0.42–3.28)
Missing26/77 (33.8)51/77 (66.2)0.83 (0.38–1.83)4.80 (0.83–29.55)
Usual STI testing location
A clinic or service offering testing for gay,bi, queer and trans people31/119 (26.1)88/119 (73.9)1.19 (0.66–2.18)1.32 (0.67–2.61)
An STI or sexual health clinic26/114 (22.8)88/114 (77.2)ReferenceReference
Family physician13/93 (14.0)80/93 (86.0)0.55 (0.26–1.13)0.82 (0.25–1.30)
No usual place2/9 (22.2)7/9 (77.8)0.97 (0.14–4.30)0.99 (0.13–5.29)
Other10/36 (27.8)26/36 (72.2)1.30 (0.54–2.99)1.61 (0.61–4.13)
Walk-in medical clinic12/23 (52.2)11/23 (47.8)3.69 (1.46–9.49)3.91 (1.36–11.61)
GCO25/25 (100.0)0/25 (0.0)N/AN/A
Never had an STI test0/7 (0.0)7/7 (100.0)N/AN/A
Missing0/5 (0.0)5/5 (100.0)N/AN/A
HIV status and PrEP use
HIV-negative, currentlytaking PrEP45/145 (31.0)100/145 (69.0)1.07 (0.66–1.71)0.92 (0.50–1.69)
HIV-negative, not currently taking PrEP54/182 (29.7)128/182 (70.3)ReferenceReference
Living with HIV4/49 (8.2)45/49 (91.8)0.21 (0.06–0.55)0.23 (0.05–0.76)
Missing16/55 (29.1)39/55 (70.9)0.97 (0.49–1.86)0.52 (0.13–2.23)
  • BOLD: 95% CI excludes 1.

  • GCO, GetCheckedOnline; STI, sexually transmitted infection.