Table 2

Summary of mixed implemented and hypothetical interventions

Author(s) countryParticipants, design, infectionsStudy aimDigital PN interventionOutcomes measured
Partners notifiedPartners testedPartners treatedAcceptabilityPrototype preferences
Balán et al 34
  • HIV negative MSM or TGW

  • Excludes PrEP users

Qualitative study
  • Interviews and focus groups

Mini pilot
  • N=9 participant pilot

Syphilis and HIV infection
Develop a SMARTtest app to facilitate HIV and syphilis self and partner testing. Explores components wanted in an application and uses user feedback to incorporate and mini pilot the app.Smartphone app ‘SMARTtest’
  • Self and partner testing

  • PN

✓* ✓
Mokgatle et al 33
South Africa
  • University students

  • Out of school youth

Quantitative descriptive study
  • Survey

Multiple STIs including HIV
Investigate preferred PN methodsSMS✓*
Mokgatle et al 27
South Africa
  • University students

Quantitative descriptive study
  • Survey

Multiple STIs including HIV
Explore preferences for SMS PN sending and receiving, including when sent from a doctorSMS✓*
Van Rooijen et al 20
  • Newly diagnosed with STI

  • N=163 partners receiving online PN

Quantitative descriptive study
Multiple STIs including HIV
Evaluate the acceptability and usability of a PN website from the perspective of the index patient and partners who have experience in using itWeb application ‘’✓†
Wang et al 31
  • MSM attending an STI clinic

Quantitative descriptive study
Syphilis infection
Examine willingness and preferences for PN among MSM to measure feasibility and optimise uptakeEmail and QQ/MSN messenger✓†
  • *Index patient perspective.

  • †Both index patient and partner perspectives.

  • ‡Reports on positive cases or number of partners with unknown status.

  • MSM, men who have sex with men; NCSP, National Chlamydia Screening Program; PN, partner notification; PrEP, pre-exposure prophylaxis; SMS, short message service; STIs, sexually transmitted infections; TGW, transgender women.