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Confirmed cases of lymphogranuloma venereum in Hungary, 2012–2014: supportive diagnostic tool of immunoblotting
  1. Eszter Balla1,
  2. Fruzsina Petrovay1,
  3. Tünde Mag1,
  4. Andrea Balázs1,
  5. Tímea Erdősi2,
  6. Katalin Együd3,
  7. András Bánvölgyi4,
  8. Márta Marschalkó4
  1. 12nd Department of Bacteriology, National Center for Epidemiology, Budapest, Hungary
  2. 2Department of Phage Typing and Molecular Epidemiology, National Center for Epidemiology, Budapest, Hungary
  3. 3András Jósa County and Teaching Hospital, Nyíregyháza, Hungary
  4. 4Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Dermatooncology of Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
  1. Correspondence to Dr Eszter Balla, 2nd Department of Bacteriology, National Center for Epidemiology, Albert F. út 2-6, Budapest 1097, Hungary; ballae{at}

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Recent outbreaks of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) proctitis among men who have sex with men (MSM) have occurred in several European countries, however, there have been only a few cases reported in Eastern Europe.1 ,2 A primary anogenital lesion and the secondary lymphadenopathy may mimic other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), therefore an early laboratory diagnosis is essential for adequate therapy.

Between November 2012 and February 2014 four HIV-positive, Hungarian men were diagnosed with LGV. The patients’ lifestyle (unsafe sexual contact with multiple casual partners while visiting abroad) suggests that they are presumably linked to the recent Western-European epidemic of LGV among MSM. Neither of them developed a classical proctocolitis, which could have served as a telltale sign for clinicians. Three of the patients were …

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